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Gastro-esophageal reflux disease, also referred to as acid reflux, is a physiological condition that causes the regurgitation of the stomach content into the esophagus and throat. Acid reflux is very common and may occur due to inappropriate diet, stress and unhealthy lifestyle. Some people are frequently confronted with acid reflux and in time they can develop serious complications. Physiological abnormalities seem to be the main cause for acid reflux (weakness of the lower esophageal sphincter, uncontrolled contractions of the sphincter, low pressure at the bottom of the esophagus due to abnormal positioning of the sphincter, etc). People who suffer from acid reflux as a consequence of physiological abnormalities can only overcome their condition through the means of ongoing medical treatment for acid reflux or surgery.

Effective Treatments for Acid Reflux

Effective Treatments for Acid RefluxGastro-esophageal reflux disease, also referred to as acid reflux, is a physiological condition that causes the regurgitation of the stomach content into the esophagus and throat. Acid reflux is very common and may occur due to inappropriate diet, stress and unhealthy lifestyle. Some people are frequently confronted with acid reflux and in time they can develop serious complications. Physiological abnormalities seem to be the main cause for acid reflux (weakness of the lower esophageal sphincter, uncontrolled contractions of the sphincter, low pressure at the bottom of the esophagus due to abnormal positioning of the sphincter, etc). People who suffer from acid reflux as a consequence of physiological abnormalities can only overcome their condition through the means of ongoing medical treatment for acid reflux or surgery.Surgery is a good way of overcoming the condition, but it is not appropriate for all patients. Surgery is recommended only in the chronic forms of acid reflux and for most patients, oral medical treatments for acid reflux provide satisfactory results. Combined with an appropriate diet, most treatments for acid reflux can ameliorate the condition within days.The most common treatments for acid reflux consist of antacids, histamine antagonists, proton pump inhibitors, pro-motility drugs and foam barriers.Antacids quickly neutralize the excess of gastric acid inside the stomach. Prescribed in most treatments for acid reflux, antacids are usually very efficient in controlling the levels of digestive fluids. Although antacids provide quick results, their effects are only temporary. The treatments for acid reflux that consist only of antacids cant control the secretion of stomach acid for more than a few hours. In order to maximize their effect and extend the duration of their action, antacids should be taken after every meal. Antacids are safe, easy to use and can be found in any drugstore. In the treatment for acid reflux, it is best to associate antacids with other medications that provide long-term effects (histamine antagonists).Histamine antagonists have a longer effect than antacid medications and they are very reliable in the treatment for acid reflux. Among the histamine antagonists available in pharmacies, the most popular are: cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), nizatidine (Axid), and famotidine, (Pepcid).Proton pump inhibitors should be taken a few hours before meals. Proton pump inhibitors commonly prescribed in the treatment for acid reflux are omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid) and esomeprazole (Nexium). Pro-motility drugs and foam barriers are not very popular in the treatment for acid reflux. Pro-motility drugs are experimental drugs and can be released only with medical prescription. They normalize the activity of the esophageal sphincter and increase the pressure at the lower end of the esophagus. Foam barriers are tablets that transform into foam when they reach the stomach. The foam acts like a barrier against the digestive fluids, protecting the esophagus from being flooded with gastric acid. The tablets also contain substances that control the levels of gastric acid produced by the stomach.

Sleep Disorders - Sleep Apnea

Sleep Disorders - Sleep Apnea

All over the world in millions of homes, each night people are having a lousy nights sleep caused by our infamous dreaded enemy. Every night we all look forward to a peaceful nights sleep and every night like clockwork we get a call from that dreaded enemy in the form of our partner or spouse. You no sooner start to fall asleep than your partner or spouse starts to snore. This results in sleep deprivation. Snoring can be more far-reaching than the cause of frustration and sleep disturbance. Snoring could possibly be a symptom of a more serious sleep disorder known as Sleep Apnea. If you stop breathing for 10 or more seconds at a time and more than ten times an hour during sleep, and if you snore, you may have what has been widely diagnosed as Sleep Apnea. Many people, who are overweight fight an endless battle with restless sleep at night and find themselves nodding off during the day. If you stop breathing during sleep, your brain receives a signal telling you to wake up. The more times you wake from a deep sleep, the more restless you become. In the morning you awaken only to find that you feel like you never slept at all. If you suspect that you have Sleep Apnea, consult your health care provider who will send you to a specialist who can make the diagnosis. Sleep Apnea is a rather serious problem as it blocks the throat and causes the sleeper to stop breathing for several seconds. As a result you awaken several times a night trying to catch your breath. Such breaks in your sleep pattern can result in significant health issues. Over time snoring could lead to other problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, and stroke and in some severe cases even death. Other symptoms of the sleep disorder Sleep Apnea include choking/gasping while sleeping, morning headaches, and tiredness during the day, personality changes, memory impairment, poor concentration, poor judgment, mood swings, recent weight gain, polyurea, and impotence. The signs to look out for are obesity, senility, stress (including anxiety and depression), hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, hypothyroidism, and acromegaly, dislocated temporomandibular joint and neuromuscular disease. Tonsillar Hypertrophy is the most common cause of Sleep Apnea in children. The idea behind treatment of Sleep Apnea is to keep the airway open and prevent stoppages in breathing during sleep. Various methods used to alleviate Sleep Apnea include:Behavioral Therapy, which should include avoiding alcohol and CNS depressants close to bedtime, weight reduction and sleep posture modification.Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), which is an effective noninvasive medical treatment to eliminate snoring and prevent Sleep Apnea. The machine gently blows pressurized air through the nasal passage at a pressure high enough to prevent collapsing of the throat during sleep.Oral appliances may be used to reposition the lower jaw and tongue, thus opening the throat to allow air to flow freely, while helping treat Sleep Apnea. There are various devices used to prevent the tongue from falling back over the airway. Surgery such as Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) UPPP is the most common type of surgery used to treat Sleep Apnea. It removes all the redundant tissue from the pharynx.Laser-assisted Uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP) is a procedure which is performed by a specialist in his/her office. It involves the use of a laser to remove a part of the soft palate, shorten the Uvula (the soft tissue that hangs from the roof of your mouth at the entrance to your throat) and remove excess tissue from the Pharynx.Tracheostomy, in which a small hole is made in the Trachea or windpipe below the point of obstruction and a small tube is inserted. This tube is only opened during sleeping hours, so that air is able to flow freely and directly into the lungs, by bypassing the blockage that occurs in the throat during sleep.Another relatively new procedure in the treatment of the sleep disorder Sleep Apnea is radiofrequency ablation (RFA), which makes use of radiofrequency energy to remove tissue from the Uvula, soft palate and tongue thereby helping treat Sleep Apnea. The removal of enlarged Tonsils or Adenoids is the most viable option in the treatment of Sleep Apnea in children and adolescents.

Phobias, Anxiety Disorders, and Society In General

Phobias, Anxiety Disorders, and Society In General

Fear is sometimes considered to be an integral element of the human psyche, keeping people from jumping into situations that can be considered dangerous or disadvantageous. However, there are times when fear can effectively cripple a person's ability to do what needs to be done. This is particularly true if the fear comes in the form of anxiety disorders and phobias, which can sometimes be termed as being unreasonable, as compared to the more normal, reasonable fears.Anxiety disorders and phobias, while distinct from one another, do have several common features. Both of them are considered to be an unhealthy fear. Both are considered to be psychological disorders, though it is generally accepted that phobias emerge from anxiety disorders. For sure, there are a number of factors that cause "anxiety disorders and phobias" . Anxiety disorders and phobias can be triggered by a number of stressful situations. But clearly, most studies indicate that anxiety disorders might take longer to form or develop as compared to phobias.Some theorize that phobias are formed as part of the exaggerated aspect of the natural human survival instinct. Phobias are reactions to natural threats to a person's well-being, for example, the fear of spiders or the fear of heights. The difference lies in the severity of the fear reaction. A phobia can totally paralyze or debilitate a person while having a simple fear will just elicit a response that does not necessarily interrupt a person's normal functions. In contrast, stress and anxiety takes a number of formative years to develop, or more appropriately, worsen before it affects a person. The "stress and anxiety" can actually lead to other phobias such as claustrophobia, the fear of closed spaces, and hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia ---- which is the irrational fear of the number 666. According to some psychologists, stress and anxiety combined with external triggers and internal factors that impact on an individual's psyche can cause phobias. There are some who believe that anxiety disorders are not constant and can generally be treated with medication, whereas phobias are generally believed to require extensive therapy. In reality, no credible, verifiable studies have produced results to back up this claim . Very little information is available and the research on the subject matter do not necessarily refute some of the existing theories. Interestingly, a number of modern phobias are highly social in nature, perhaps reflecting the growing sense of status anxiety and social anxiety people feel. These particular phobias are generally considered to be non-clinical and are mere signs of mild social disorders that cannot be categorized as phobias. Most experts view these new phobias as little more than signs of people developing "social anxiety" and "status anxiety" as a result of ignorance or misinformation. There are also some that carry discriminatory undertones, such as a phobia that centers around the fear of Christianity and the various Christian denominations.Social class and nationality also seem to be linked to the new generation of these so-called phobias, eliciting worries of national-level status anxiety in the face of expanding globalization. Social anxiety is also hinted upon, with people starting to become more and more anxious about the increasing upward mobility available within various social and economic structures. There are some that have theorized that people are starting to develop an instinctive fear of what is sometimes seen to be rapid social restructuring, linking to a more personal form of status anxiety than the large-scale example cited above.

Persistent Heartburn: Get Relief Now!

Persistent Heartburn: Get Relief Now!

If you regularly suffer from heartburn, you know that there is not much worse in life than the pain of an acute attack. Perhaps you have paid your druggist a visit in search of help or you have seen your doctor, yet you still suffer intermittent attacks. What more can you do to get relief? Overhaul your diet! You may not need to make extreme changes in what you eat, but you must be attentive to which types of foods can trigger an attack. The following list underscores which foods may trigger an attack:Beverages: Beer, colas, and nonalcoholic wines are some causes of heartburn.Dairy: Yogurt, frozen yogurt, milk, certain types of cheeses, and cottage cheese.Fats and Oils: Ketchup, especially spicy ketchup.Fruit: Many berries can cause problems including blueberries, cranberries, raspberries, and strawberries. Other triggers include: orange juice, peaches, grapes, and apple juice/cider. For orange juice lovers you can still drink your favorite beverage, but select low-acid orange juice when visiting your grocer.Grains: Garlic bread, granola cereal, and many types of muffins may cause an attack.Meat: Beef, fish, tuna, ham, hot dogs, egg, and chicken salad can cause heartburn. For some folks chicken by itself is just fine, but added ingredients such as mayonnaise can cause heartburn.Sweets and Desserts: Low fat cookies. You may save on calories when eating low fat cookies, but the artificial ingredients contained within them can set off heartburn.Vegetables: The big triggers in this category are onions, leeks, garlic, scallions, and sauerkraut.Besides avoiding certain types of foods, there are medications that can stop heartburn including Nexium and Prevacid. Alternatively, some heartburn sufferers have found relief through natural remedies such as Acidgone.By drinking plenty of water throughout the day, some heartburn sufferers have found relief. In addition, avoid excessive use of caffeinated products, alcohol, and nicotine. Finally, by selecting smaller food portions and eating less you can thwart future attacks.You dont need to be held hostage by heartburn; see your doctor if attacks persist as it could be a sign of some other problem.

Is Breast Enhancement Pill, a Good Option?

There were surveys made and found out that about 80% of women are dissatisfied with their breasts sizes. So many women wish that they have firmer and sexier breasts. One of the known options is to undergo breasts surgery. Surgery is one of the ways that can give women bigger and firmer breasts. This method is expensive. And there are many risks accompanied with surgery which drives lots of women to wish there are natural way to enhance their breasts.With the eagerness of most women to have firmer and sexier breasts, they are turning to natural breast enhancement pill that can give them bigger breasts. Natural breast enhancement pill can give women bigger and firmer breast without undergoing the risky and pricey surgery. So they can get bigger and firmer breasts without the feeling of the risky surgery. These pills are made up of herbs, so they are natural products that can give women larger breasts. But of course, you still have to be careful, since not these entire natural breast enhancement pills can work, so you need to find the one that can truly work for you. It is helpful to make a research. Know the product first before purchasing and using it. You need to gain the right information about the product, such as how it was made, its ingredients, where it came from, how it works, how effective it is and so on. If you are looking for natural breast enhancement pill online, there are masses of websites that offer natural breast enhancement pills, so you need to find a reputable website in order to make sure to have high-quality product. A good website can give their customers with valuable information that are useful to customers, since they need to know the product and how it works. Making a research can be helpful to you since there are companies out there that produces products that do not work at all, which would be a waste of money and it can even harm your health. So it is better to be alert and allocate little time in finding the right product that can truly give you firmer and fuller breasts. Of course, the main reason why you are searching for the right natural breast enhancement pill is to have fuller and firmer breast so you can feel sexy and feel great about yourself. You want to effectively get firmer and fuller breasts without any adverse reactions, so making simple research is an appropriate way to find it. Natural breast enhancement pill is a good way to enhance your breast, since you do not have to face the risks of having negative side effects that surgery can give. But in order to get the right one, you need to make simple research. As you purchase a natural breast enhancement pill, you need to make sure that you will follow carefully the directions, so read the label and understand it. In doing so, you can see excellent results.

What Can I Eat That Wont Make Me Fat?

Copyright 2006 Dan Curtis, M.D.There is no magic formula to losing weight. But there is one thing that comes as close to it as you will ever get: protein. If there is one magic bullet to weight loss, protein is it.Protein was the original diet food. Remember the old fashioned diners years ago? They had the diet plate, and it was a hamburger patty and a salad. It wasnt the salad that was the diet part, it was the hamburger.To know why protein works for weight loss, you have to understand a little bit about it. Protein is made up of small building blocks called amino acids.When your body takes in protein it breaks it down to these amino acids, which then go through your blood to all parts of your body. Every cell needs amino acids.Then when the amino acids get to the cells they are put back together. The body uses them to make muscle, and there is muscle everywhere. It is in your arms and legs and abdominal muscles.When these muscles build up they burn up a lot of calories. Muscles burn calories, and this helps you lose weight.There is also muscle in your heart and in your arteries. Extra protein makes these muscles strong so you wont have a heart attack or a stroke.Protein is also used to make antibodies to fight off infections and keep you well. So you need protein to have a body that is lean and healthy and strong. Bodies that are lean and healthy and strong are beautiful.But the benefits of protein even go beyond that. You might wonder what happens if you overeat on protein. Wont that just get turned into fat too? Not likely.It is very hard for your body to make fat from protein. For one thing, it takes energy to break protein down to amino acids and then make these amino acids into fat. And this burns up calories.But there is another benefit to protein when you are trying to take weight off. This is the effect of protein on your metabolism.When you have a fast metabolism your body burns calories quickly. When you have a slow metabolism your body burns up calories slowly and you tend to gain weight easily.There is an effect of protein on your metabolism that scientists have known about for a long time. It is called the specific dynamic action of protein. What does that mean?Dynamic comes from a Greek word that means powerful. If something is dynamic it has energy and it moves; it has action. Protein is dynamic in the body. It causes the body to speed up.When you eat protein your metabolism speeds up for a while. Your body makes more heat. It burns more calories.It doesnt do that with fat and it doesnt do that with carbohydrates. Just protein. It is specific for protein. So protein has a specific dynamic action on your body, and it speeds up your metabolism.Your body knows what you are putting into it. It knows that proteins are used for building strong bones and muscles and nerves.When you take in protein it knows it is time to get busy, to build, and to make your body strong. It knows that you are giving it the fuel it needs and the building blocks it needs, so it goes into action.This is the specific dynamic action of protein, and it happens whenever you eat protein. When you eat protein your metabolism speeds up and you burn more calories.The protein should be lean and it doesnt need to be much. A couple of ounces are more than enough. It is best to take in some protein every few hours.This is the key to your weight loss success. Do this and you will take a giant step on your road to permanent weight loss.

Summary

Gastro-esophageal reflux disease, also referred to as acid reflux, is a physiological condition that causes the regurgitation of the stomach content into the esophagus and throat. Acid reflux is very common and may occur due to inappropriate diet, stress and unhealthy lifestyle. Some people are frequently confronted with acid reflux and in time they can develop serious complications. Physiological abnormalities seem to be the main cause for acid reflux (weakness of the lower esophageal sphincter, uncontrolled contractions of the sphincter, low pressure at the bottom of the esophagus due to abnormal positioning of the sphincter, etc). People who suffer from acid reflux as a consequence of physiological abnormalities can only overcome their condition through the means of ongoing medical treatment for acid reflux or surgery.